Whether the Govt. has setup Institutes to empower various categories of persons with disabilities?
Ans. National Institutes/Apex Level Institutions
In consonance with the policy of empowerment of persons with disabilities and in order to effectively deal with their multi dimensional problems, the following National Institutes/Apex level institutions have been setup in each major area of disability:-
National Institute for the Visually Handicapped, Dehradun
National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped, Calcutta.
Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Mumbai
National Institute for Mentally Handicapped, Secunderabad.
National Institute for Rehabilitation Training and Research, Cuttack.
Institute for the Physically Handicapped, New Delhi.
National Institute for Empowerment of Persons with Multiple Disabilities (NIEPMD), Chennai
What are the main functions of these Institutes?
Ans. Main Functions: To develop manpower for delivery of services to the disabled persons, the Institutes run various specialized courses to train professionals in the different areas of disability like Degree courses in Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Prosthetic and Orthotic Engineering, Bachelors Degree Courses in Mental Retardation, Diploma in Special Education (Mental Retardation), Diploma in Vocational Training and Employment (Mental Retardation), Bachelor and Master in Education (Hearing Impaired), Bachelors and Masters Degree in Hearing, Language and Speech Bachelors and Masters Degree in Audiology and Speech Rehabilitation, Primary and Secondary level Teachers Training Programme for Visually Handicapped and Training Course for Orientation and Mobility Instructors for Visually Handicapped, etc.
Whether the Government have set up Regional Centres in the country to provide composite services for different kinds of disabilities.
Ans. The Government have set up 5 Composite Regional Centres for persons with disabilities in the States of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Assam and Jammu & Kashmir to provide composite rehabilitation services to the disabled and conduct training programmes to generate professionals in this field. The centres also promote research & generate awareness.
What efforts are being made by Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India (ALIMCO), Kanpur to meet the grooving needs of the physically handicapped population of the Country?
Ans. In its endeavour to meet the growing needs of the persons with disabilities of country, ALIMCO has set up auxiliary production centres at Bhubaneshwar, Jabalpur and Bangalore to augment its manufacturing capacity of wheel chairs and tricycles.
Whether the Govt. has setup any centre for the Spinal Injured?
Ans. In the spirit of public private partnership, the Indian Spinal Injury Centre (ISIC), New Delhi, a Non-government Organisation, provides comprehensive rehabilitation management services to patients with spinal cord injuries and related ailments. These include intervention in the form of reconstructive surgery, stabilization operations, physical rehabilitation, psycho-social rehabilitation and vocational rehabilitation services. The Government supports the ISIC to provide 25 free beds daily for treatment of poor patients. Besides, the Centre provides 5 free beds to such patients.
The Government has decided to set up State Spinal Injury Centres. State Spinal Injury Centres shall be mainly in the comprehensive management of spinal injuries. Under the scheme, a comprehensive rehabilitation centre attached to the district hospital of State capital/Union Territory with dedicated 12 beds shall be set up. The Scheme has been approved and notified vide order dated 31.3.2015.
Whether there is any provision to safeguard rights and facilities made available to persons with disabilities?
Ans. The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation Act, 1995 safe-guards rights and facilities made available to persons with disabilities and also looks into complaints with respect to deprivation of rights of persons with disabilities.
The Implementation of provisions of the Act require a multi-sectoral collaborative approach of all concerned Ministries of the Central Government, the State Government and the Union Territories and other appropriate authorities. While in the area of prevention, early detection and intervention, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare and Department of Women & Child Development have to play a major role, in the area of education, the Ministry of Human Resource Development has to initiate programmes such as transport facility, financial incentives, etc. to promote education among the children with disabilities. For the creation of barrier free environment, the Ministries of Urban Area and Employment, Surface Transport, Railways and Civil Aviation have to take steps. In the area of employment and training, Ministry of Labour has an important role.
The Office of the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities, set up under Section 57 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights & Full Participation) Act, 1995, has been mandated to take steps to safeguard the rights and facilities to the persons with disabilities.
What is the objective of Science and Technology Mission Mode?
Ans. The objective of S&T Mission Mode is to coordinate, fund and direct application of technology in development and utilisation of -
Suitable and cost effective aids and appliances
Methods of education and skill development leading to enhancement of opportunities for :
Easier living and mobility
Integration in society
What are the areas where the proposed development may be undertaken?
Ans. The Mission Mode covers all the areas of disability viz. speech & hearing, visual, mentally, orthopaedoically handicapped (includes cerebral palsy, leprosy, spastic). It supports all aspects of rehabilitation - development of new assistive devices, enhancement of new employment opportunities, educational skills and recreation of persons with disabilities.
What is the extent of funding?
Ans. Funding to the extent of 100% is provided for the research proposals.
Eligilibility of application for submitting the proposal.
Ans. The proposal may be submitted in the prescribed proforma by scientists, engineers, researchers of academic and research institutions, public sector undertakings, industries, non-govermental organisations etc. having basic and essential facilities to carry out the research work.
What are documents required alongwith the research proposal?
Ans. The proposal may be forwarded through the head of the depertment/organisation /institution accompanying the following papers -
Endorsement from the head of the agency/organisation/institution on the letter head - 1 copy
Certificate from the Investigator - 1 copy
Detailed proposal as per the proforma - 30 copies
Name and address of experts/institutions in the subject of the project (circulation list) - 2 copies
What are the guiding Principles of the UN Convention on the Rights for Persons with Disabilities?
Ans. There are eight guiding principles that underlie the Convention and each one of its specific articles:
Respect for inherent dignity, individual autonomy including the freedom to make one's own choices, and independence of persons
Full and effective participation and inclusion in society
Respect for difference and acceptance of persons with disabilities as part of human diversity and humanity
Equality of opportunity
Equality between men and women
Respect for the evolving capacities of children with disabilities and respect for the right of children with disabilities to preserve their identities
Whether India has signed and ratified the UN Convention?
Ans. India signed the UN Convention on 30th March, 2007, the day it opened for signatures. Ratification of the UN Convention by India is under active consideration of the Government.
What are the criteria fixed for releasing the Grant-in-Aid assistance to NGOs under the Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme?
Ans. Organisations registered under the Societies Registration Act, public trusts and charitable companies licensed under the Companies Act, that have been registered for a minimum period of 2 years, can be provided grants-in-aid under the Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme. The Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme contains model projects and detailed norms, on the basis of which such organisations can design their projects and apply for grants-in-aid under this scheme.
Proposals for grant-in-aid are required to be sent in the prescribed application form, along with project details, Annual Reports and other documents such as audited accounts, utilization certificate for the previous year (in the case of continuing grants), etc. Grants-in-aid are sanctioned by the Ministry, keeping in view recommendations (based on inspection) given by the State Governments/UT Administrations/State Commissioners/National Institutions/other organisations designated by the Ministry.
Recommended proposals are considered by the Ministry on the basis of the model projects and detailed norms laid down in the scheme and the past performance of the organisation. Grant-in-aid can be provided to a maximum of 90% of the admissible grant as per the norms, while 10% is expected to be borne by the organization.
From 2007-08, grants to organisations that have already been funded for 7 years will be tapered by 10% every alternate year, so as to reduce the level of funding to 75% of the present level. It is expected that organisations functioning for several years should be able to raise funds from other sources also. This will enable the Ministry to fund more new organisations.
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